Yaroslavl

Yaroslavl: Wednesday 22 May

We visited this attractive city, situated at the confluence of the Volga and Kotorosl rivers.

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The centre of the city of Yaroslavl was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2005. In the same year began the reconstruction of the Assumption Cathedral. (‘Assumption’ – in Russian, ‘Uspensky‘ – also translated as ‘Dormition’.) Originally built in 1215, the cathedral was damaged in the conflicts of 1918 and destroyed by being blown up by the Soviets in 1937. It was anticipated that the UNESCO authorities would be concerned that the design of the new cathedral approved by the city was not a replica of the old one, and that the building would be considerably higher. If it was felt that the appearance of the historic skyline of Yaroslavl would be diminished by this, the World Heritage status might be in jeopardy. The city was relieved when this threat blew over. In the remarkably short time of five years, the new cathedral was completed.

The sculpture in front of the cathedral, ‘The Trinity’, was created in 1995 by Nikolai Muhin and I. Treivus, to mark the millennium of the establishment of Christianity in Russia. It is the only sculpture of The Trinity recognised by the Russian Orthodox Church. In fact it is very unusual to see any religious subject shown in outdoor statuary in Russia.

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The most famous image of the Old Testament Holy Trinity is the icon painted by Andrei Rublev c. 1425, which can be seen in the Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow.

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